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Syria conflict drawing hundreds of jihadists from Europe, says report

Shiv Malik
The Guardian

Hundreds of Europeans have travelled to Syria since the start of the civil war to fight against the country’s president, Bashar al-Assad, the most comprehensive study of European foreign fighters to date has found. A year-long survey by King’s College London of more than two hundred martyrdom posts on jihadist-linked websites and hundreds of Arab and western press reports found that up to 600 individuals from 14 countries including the UK, Austria, Spain, Sweden and Germany had taken part in the conflict since it began in 2011.

The largest contingent, the study found, came from the UK, with estimates of fighters running between 28 and 134.

Based on their populations, the figures for Belgium, the Netherlands and Ireland, with about 200 fighters between them, made these countries the most significant, the lead researcher, Prof Peter Neumann from the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at King’s College, said.

European fighters made up to between 7% and 11% of the foreign contingent in Syria, which ranged between 2,000 and 5,500 people. The researchers also said there were likely to be at least 110 named Europeans engaged in fighting currently.

They found that between 30 and 92 fighters were from France, between 14 and 85 from Belgium and between five and 107 from the Netherlands. Other nations in the study included Albania, Finland and Kosovo.

Neumann said the wide variance in figures represented the difference between the team logging named individuals with a documented case history or death notice and credible estimates from government officials at the higher end.

“No one has really mapped it out across all of Europe,” Neumann said. “We’ve brought all these figures together … it’s a compilation of the open source data. We can say with certainty now that hundreds of Europeans have joined the fight in Syria.”

Neumann said the figures, though relatively small, showed how fast international jihadists had been mustered in response to the conflict.

“The mobilisation of this conflict is more significant than any of the recent conflict we have known about,” he said.

“The numbers are still quite small in terms of the overall percentage but in absolute numbers I think it is higher now than any other conflict since Iraq. But Iraq went on for years and years. But here we have in the space of a year effectively – since early 2012 – you can already speak of thousands of [foreign fighters]. In Iraq that took two or three years to reach that point so it is really significant.”

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